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July 2014
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Psychiatric Services

A Journal of the American Psychiatric Association Editor: Howard H. Goldman, M.D., Ph.D.
Articles  |  July 1, 2014
Latest Data Confirm High Rates of Mental Illness in Jails and Prisons

Two federal reports dating from 1999 and 2006 are by far the most widely cited sources for the prevalence of mental illness among persons in U.S. jails and prisons. To provide a broader picture of the issue, the author undertook a systematic review of 28 articles published between 1989 and 2013. Not only did the review confirm the high prevalence of mental illnesses among prisoners, it identified a litany of health problems associated with the incarceration of persons with mental illness and profound difficulties in finding housing and employment after release.

Articles  |  July 1, 2014
CBT Helpful for Medication-Resistant Psychosis

Patients with schizophrenia often continue to experience disabling positive symptoms, despite adequate trials of medication. In these situations, patients may be prescribed an adjunctive medication, but a more effective choice may be cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This review of 16 published articles from 12 randomized controlled trials found that CBT was associated with robust improvements in the positive symptoms of psychotic disorders. In addition, the improvements were sustained at follow-up, the authors reported.

Assessing the Evidence Base Series  |  July 1, 2014
Review of Peer Recovery Support Services Concludes AEB Series

In recent years, peer recovery support services have become an accepted part of the treatment of substance use disorders, providing a more extensive array of services than typically associated with mutual support groups. Peer providers may help consumers set recovery goals, develop a plan, and work toward and maintain recovery. In this literature review, the last in the Assessing the Evidence Base (AEB) Series, the authors review the evidence supporting peer recovery support services, noting that more research is needed to distinguish the effects of peer recovery support from other recovery support activities.

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