In response, many jurisdictions are exploring ways to improve the outcomes of these encounters, with a response that prioritizes treatment over incarceration when appropriate. To assist these efforts, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, in partnership with the Police Executive Research Forum, led a consensus process that identified ten essential elements of successful law enforcement-based response programs. The components, which are described in a recently issued report, are derived from recommendations made by law enforcement personnel, mental health professionals, advocates, and mental health consumers. An early draft was posted on a Web-based discussion forum, and hundreds of stakeholders provided feedback for incorporation into the report. Until this effort was undertaken, there was limited debate or agreement at the national level about which elements are essential, the report notes.