Analyzing ten years of data from a psychiatric case register in Australia, Steven P. Segal, Ph.D., and Philip M. Burgess, Ph.D., found a high rate of conditional release—the use of court orders by mental health professionals to ensure oversight of individuals in the community and to facilitate their rehospitalization if symptoms warrant. For the nearly 9,000 patients who were conditionally released, inpatient episodes were briefer than they were for the 16,000 who were not conditionally released, but the former group spent significantly more time in restrictive care—inpatient care plus the conditional release period (page 1600). Although the death rate over 13.5 years was higher for psychiatric patients than for the general population, those who experienced conditional release had a lower mortality risk (page 1607). The authors also found that use of conditional release early in the course of illness appeared to contribute to reduced subsequent use of inpatient care. They investigated patient characteristics associated with early use of this intervention (page 1614). In a related Taking Issue, Robert Bernstein, Ph.D., notes that clinicians' reliance on conditional release may send an incorrect message that the ineffectiveness of community services offers no recourse but the legal system (page 1553).