Important as the goal of alleviating the burden of mental illnesses may be, it is tempered by appreciation that the psychiatrist's role as clinician and human researcher represents a privilege conferred on our profession by our society (2). This privilege is predicated on certain expectations—namely, that as psychiatrists, we will articulate, uphold, and ensure the ethical commitments inherent in the work we do in support of the public good. The report of the American Psychiatric Association's task force on research ethics (3), which appears in this month's issue of Psychiatric Services, reflects recognition by organized psychiatry that the ethical conduct of research with human participants is essential for continued progress in our field. If that recognition can be said to have been implicit among psychiatric researchers in the past, in the contemporary ethical and policy environment such tacit understandings are no longer adequate. Rather, it is critical that we openly discuss and embrace our ethical commitments, as the task force report has done. For this reason, it represents an important milestone for psychiatry.