Initiatives to provide federal funds to faith-based agencies have raised serious concerns about the constitutional separation of church and state. However, many people turn first to clergy or to other resources within their faith community when they experience symptoms of mental illness. In this issue of Psychiatric Services two reports present the results of surveys that examined services available within the faith community. Sixty-two imams of U.S. mosques completed a questionnaire sent to them by Osman M. Ali, M.D., and his colleagues in regard to their role as a counselor and the reasons that their congregants seek help (see page 202). The respondents to the second survey, by Emily Dossett, M.D., M.T.S., and her coauthors, were 42 partner organizations in QueensCare Health and Faith Partnership, a network of congregations, faith-based nonprofit organizations, religious schools, and parish nurses in a low-income area of Los Angeles (see page 206). Both surveys found that many congregants sought personal and family counseling but that most clergy and other individuals who provided the counseling lacked any professional training. In a Taking Issue commentary, Norman A. Clemens, M.D., notes that collaboration and consultation between clergy and mental health professionals can benefit individuals with mental disorders (see page 133).