These concepts clearly inform the development of themes throughout the text. Chapters 2 through 6 provide clear and thoughtful integrations of historical, philosophical, sociological, and psychological scholarship on religions and spirituality for Africans in America. The chapters on "race work," which was an effort by 19th-century black people to advance the survival, liberation, and well-being of black persons, uses examples from the biographies of prominent black men and women to provide an excellent history of the impact of this movement on social work practice with black people. These chapters offer an important presentation of the evolution of an African-centered paradigm. The authors' analysis of the paradigm shift from Eurocentric to African centered is conceptually sound and affords a creative, complex understanding of racism and the capacity of a spiritually oriented helping tradition to be most useful for black clients.