Although it is more difficult to address in an emergency setting, a child's social environment is clearly an important factor in assessing the risk of violence. Schools in which teachers and students have low achievement expectations have had a greater risk of violence, whereas schools with cooperative learning and strong teacher-student relationships tend to be protected from violence. Maternal-paternal conflict, abuse, neglect, and lack of discipline are risk factors in families, whereas affection, support, discipline, rule enforcement, and a high expectation regarding behavior tend to be protective against school violence. Likewise, poor communities with schools that have high drop-out rates, firearms, crime, and lack of positive role models were at higher risk, whereas schools with good role models who helped students were more immune to violence. Although these variables may not necessarily help us predict which children will become violent, they allow for a model of what schools, families, and communities must aspire to be if they are to decrease the likelihood of school violence (7).