It is encouraging to see that the Commission recognizes the distressing role that has been handed, by default, to the criminal justice system. The report states that "as a shrinking public health care system limits access to services, many poor and racial or ethnic minority youth with serious emotional disorders fall through the cracks into the juvenile justice system. People with serious mental illnesses who come into contact with the criminal justice system are often poor, uninsured, disproportionately members of minority groups, homeless, and living with co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders." As the report affirms, too often the criminal justice system unnecessarily becomes a primary source of mental health care. The Commission recommends diversion to avoid criminalization and extended incarceration of nonviolent adult and juvenile offenders with mental illness. Reentry into society is even more difficult after incarceration.