In addition, the Latino population has spread throughout the United States (3). Although most Latinos live in California and Texas, the states with the greatest proportional growth over the past decade are in the South—North Carolina, Arkansas, Georgia, and Tennessee. North Carolina had the highest increase—by a factor of almost five, from 76,726 in 1990 to 378,963 in 2000. And this growth has extended well beyond the South. The number of Hispanics more than doubled between 1990 and 2000 in 13 non-Southern states, including Delaware, Iowa, Kansas, South Dakota, Utah, and Oregon. When these demographic shifts are considered in conjunction with the large representation of Hispanics in particular states and territories, such as California, Texas, New York, Florida, and Puerto Rico—it is clear that Latinos have a significant national presence.