Regrettably, however, religion has not always fared well in how it has been perceived by the secular world. Horrendous crimes and injustices committed by members of religious groups, both large and small, have given thoughtful professionals pause in their consideration of religious commitment. Religious cults in particular have been the object of this concern. Indeed, James R. Lewis, professor of religious studies at the University of Wisconsin, argues in Odd Gods that all cults are victim of a profoundly negative and inaccurate stereotype. In his introduction to the book, he asserts that "the purported dangers of many alternative religions are less severe than diehard anti-cultists would have us believe."