In a chapter on psychology, the author elaborates on various perspectives, their strengths and weaknesses, and their relationship with each other. Psychoanalytic theories are reviewed with specific consideration of Freud, Melanie Klein, and Lacan as well as the more modern theorists. The new psychology of women is mentioned but not discussed in the detail one might expect. Also included are feminist, vulnerability, attachment, and cognitive approaches. Whereas psychoanalytic theories do emphasize gender differences, attachment and cognitive theories do not address how gender influences psychological vulnerability and mental illness. All the theories are compared with the evidence, and "the lack of a theoretical framework within which to view gender" is noted.