The case that aroused the greatest consternation among psychotherapists was Ramona v. Ramona, in which a father was awarded $475,000 by a California court on the grounds that his daughter's therapists had negligently induced false memories that he had sexually abused her as a child (2). Although clinicians ordinarily are responsible only to their patients for their actions, the trial court in Ramona decided that the situation presented in the case constituted an exception to the usual rule. The therapists, a family counselor and a psychiatrist, were charged with negligence for having suggested to the patient that her bulimia must have been due to sexual abuse, misrepresenting to her that an amobarbital interview had confirmed her recovered memory of having been raped by her father. They encouraged her to confront her father and participated in the confrontation. As a result of the confrontation, the father lost his job, his marriage collapsed, and his daughter filed a civil suit against him.