Despite its title, the book is focused more on outcomes than on indications. In an evidence-focused environment, randomized and controlled studies of manual-based treatments such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for specific DSM diagnoses clearly have an advantage, but this book also reveals their weaknesses. Psychodynamic psychotherapy, which is generally viewed as addressing broader, multidimensional psychopathology, is indirectly supported by the meta-analysis conducted by Lester Luborsky and associates, which shows equivalent results in studies comparing psychotherapies. Sidney Blatt's reanalysis of data from the depression collaborative research project sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health and the Menninger psychotherapy research project demonstrates the importance of personality variables affecting responsiveness to short-term psychotherapy. Dialectical behavior therapy, group therapy with the medically ill, and family therapy also receive attention.