Rapid deinstitutionalization occurred in Finland in the 1990s, a decade later than in many other Western countries. A four-year follow-up study in northern Finland examined community placements of 253 long-stay psychiatric inpatients after deinstitutionalization in 1992 and at follow-up at the end of 1995. About 70 percent of the patients were discharged. Only 15 percent were able to live outside the hospital without continuous support. No patient was homeless at follow-up. Being unmarried, living in the city of Oulu, and having greater severity of illness were associated with hospitalization at follow-up. The results showed that long-stay patients are dependent on considerable support. Alternative residential facilities have made deinstitutionalization possible.