Vorpagel repeatedly insists that only members of the FBI behavioral science profiling unit are qualified to profile murderers. Consequently, he reveals very little about actual profiling procedures. Instead, scattered throughout the book are such pithy observations as, "If a criminal profiler is told that a teenager is a bed wetter, plays with matches, and tortures animals, he can predict the potential for future sociopathic homicides." Elsewhere we are told, "Overkill or excessive assault to the face often is an attempt to depersonalize the victim. Destruction of the face may indicate the victim resembles or represents a person who has caused the offender psychological trauma." Nowhere does he present substantive evidence for such assertions, if, indeed, it exists.