From start to finish, this book explores the various uses of the TAT. Dr. Cramer surveys the literature on the TAT and gender identity, defense mechanisms, personality organizations, psychopathology, and child and adult development and the role of the TAT in clinical research studies. Throughout the volume, she employs case examples to illustrate how these various functions can be assessed. From the case examples, the reader is exposed to more advanced scoring and interpretative methods than are generally taught in projective assessment courses. Even more impressive is the level of detail in which Dr. Cramer reviews and critiques the literature on these topic areas.