The remainder of Frontiers of Cognitive Therapy deals with the application of cognitive advances to a variety of clinical problems, including personality disorders, depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, sexual dysfunction, and substance use disorders. A great array of approaches are examined, including the use of schemas as the focal point of therapy and the role of empathy in cognitive work. Modifications of the cognitive approach for short-term work with inpatients are also discussed. The longstanding critique of cognitive therapy as simply a list of techniques is put to rest here. The contributors emphasize individual case conceptualization and treatment planning and make linkages between clinical application, theory, and empirical research.