It is estimated that the welfare legislation, signed in August 1996, may drop 3.5 million children from the welfare rolls by the year 2001, and 4.9 million by 2005. Funding for food stamps will be cut by $28 billion. This country already has child poverty rates that are two to three times those of other developed nations. Eventually this legislation will be felt deeply in cities such as Detroit, where 67 percent of children receive welfare during the course of a year, or New York City, where the figure is 39 percent. Moreover, the legislation can deny food stamps, Supplemental Security Income, and Medicaid to many legal immigrants; some 900,000 persons nationally may be affected. Finally, the new legislation will surely have an impact on many persons with chronic mental illness because many live near or below the poverty level.