Gender-matched samples of patients with chronic schizophrenia were
randomly selected from two metropolitan psychiatric emergency departments,
one in Cincinnati, Ohio, (N = 47) and the other in Pune, India (N = 48).
Severity and chronicity of symptoms in the two samples were comparable.
Indian patients were significantly more likely to be married and employed
than their American counterparts. In India most subjects were cared for by
their families, whereas in the U.S. the community mental health network
assumed major responsibility for care. Compliance with prescribed
antipsychotic medications was significantly greater in India than in the