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Article   |    
Four Decades of Mental Health Trends: An Empirical Analysis of Hospital and Community Psychiatry
Kevin D. Hennessy; Roger P. Greenberg
Psychiatric Services 1994; doi:
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U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Room 442-E, 200 Independence Avenue, S. W., Washington, D. C. 20201

State University of New York (SUNY) Health Science Center in Syracuse

1994 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Objective: The authors exam, ined important trends and developments within the mental health field since the 1960s as reflected in articles publisbed in Hospital and Community Psychiatry. Methods: A total of 798 articles were reviewed, representing all contributions to the journal in 1962, 1967, 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, and 1992. Articles were classified into one of six categories, and empirical research articles were further classified by primary topic. in addition, all articles were indexed by primary setting (hospital, community, or both); academic credentials and gender of first author, andeconomic or public policy focus. Results: The number and percentage of empirical research articles increased over time, while articles describing programs and professional roles declined. Some changes were observed in the primary topics of empirical research. Other findings reflect a shift in the setting of articles from hospitals to the community and a growth in the percentage of women who were first authors and of authors with a Ph. D. degree. Conclusions: The documented growth of empirical research in psychiatry suggests a greater emphasis on methodological rigor in the design and implementation of mental health services. Moreover, increases noted in scholarly contributions by women and nonmedical professionals indicate a broadening of disciplinary perspective over time that is likely to strengthen psychiatric research and services.

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