0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
Reflections on Antipsychiatry and Stigma in the History of American Psychiatry
Norman Dain
Psychiatric Services 1994; doi:
View Author and Article Information

New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical College

1994 by the American Psychiatric Association

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

The author presents his perspectives on the relationship between antipsychiatry and the stigma of mental illness. Stigma has existed at least since biblical times, when madness as demonic possession and punishment for sin became codified in religious belief and practice. The antipsychiatry movement dates from the 18th century, when psychiatry first emerged as a medical specialty and the first mental hospitals were built. Over the years psychiatry has been a target for antipsychiatry groups competing for influence or authority over the mentally ill. At various times these groups have included neurologists, social workers, new religions, consumers, and psychiatrists themselves. Their common ground has been objection to psychiatry as a hospital-centered medical specialty legally authorized to institutionalize and treat patients. in the late 19th century, treatment of hospitalized patients increased the stigma of mental illness and provided fuel for the antipsychiatry movement. During that period psychiatrists began to see heredity as the cause of mental illness, became pessimistic about restoring patients to sanity, and adopted essentially a custodial approach to care that included use of physical restraints. However, recent advances in biological treatments have undercut antipsychiatry and rekindled optimism about recovery that may go far in eliminating stigma.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Topics

social stigma
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 42.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 32.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 32.  >
Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments > Chapter 24.  >
Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments > Chapter 24.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
Read more at Psychiatric News >>
PubMed Articles