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Article   |    
Psychotherapeutic Management Techniques in the Treatment of Outpatients With Schizophrenia
Peter Weiden; Leston Havens
Psychiatric Services 1994; doi:
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This research was supported in part by grant 43635 to Dr. Weiden from the National Institute of Mental Health. The authors thank Mark Olfson, M.D., Susanne Hollander Gilbert, and the outreach workers of Project Reachout at Goddard-Riverside Community Center in New York City.

schizophrenia program at St. Luke's—Roosevelt Hospital Center, Tower 8, 428 West 59th Street, New York, New York 10019

psychiatric residency training program at Cambridge (Mass.) Hospital

1994 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Successful outpatient treatment of scbizophrenic disorders largely depends on the patient's ability to form a treatment alliance with mental health professionals. However, even in the context of competent pharmacotherapy, symptoms of schizophrenia often persist under this alliance. The authors review five common syndromes Occurring during the course of treatment of patients with schizopbrenia that interfere with the therapeutic alliance: paranoia, denial of illness, stigma, demoralization, and terror from awareness of having psychotic symptoms. Mental health clinicians can use specific psychotherapeutic management techniques for these symptoms. Examples of these techniques include "sharing mistrust" for paranoid patients, providing patients who deny their illness with alternate points of view, making admiring and approving statements to demoralized patients, and normalizing experiences of stigmatized patients. The techniques do not require advanced psychotherapy training and can be used, with ongoing supervision, by bachelor's-level mental health workers.

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