Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
A Treatment Outcome Study of Community-Based Residential Care
William B. Hawthorne; William Fals-Stewart; James B. Lohr
Psychiatric Services 1994; doi:
View Author and Article Information

Principal funding for this study was provided by a grant from the Vista Hill Foundation. The study was also supported in part by Alpha House grant AH62301 awarded to Dr. Fals-Stewart and a VA merit review award to Dr. Lohr.

Community Research Foundation and Vista Hill Community Treatment Systems; 444 Camino Del Rio South, Suite 219, San Diego, California 92108

San Diego Veterans Affairs Medical Center

San Diego VA Medical Center

1994 by the American Psychiatric Association

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.

Objective: The authors describe two psychosocially oriented community residential facilities for patients with persistent and severe mental disorders and multiple failures at community tenure, and they report a retrospective study designed to evaluate treatment outcomes of program residents. Methods: The study employed a retrospective single-group repeated-measures design to evaluate 104 patients who completed the one-year follow-up. One-year mean number of admissions to and days in a bospital or crisis center during the two years before program entry were compared with mean admissions and days for the follow-up year; employment status, living status, and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale scores at program entry and at one-year follow-up were also compared. Thirteen sociodemographic and clinical variables were individually tested for association with outcome. Results: Hospital and crisis center admissions and days were significantly reduced during the follow-up year. At one-year follow-up, a significantly greater proportion of patients were employed and living independently, and fewer were homeless. GAF scores were significantly higher. No significant correlations between outcome and socio-demographic and clinical variables were found. Conclusions: Despite design limitations of the study, the findings suggest that psychosocial residential treatment models can offer cost-effective and clinically efficacious care to persistently mentally ill patients.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).




CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe

Related Content
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 17.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 35.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 35.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 58.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 23.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles