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An Estimation of the Impact of OBRA-87 on Nursing Home Care in the United States
Mary Avellone Eichmann; Brian P. Griffin; John S. Lyons; Sanford Finkel; David B. Larson
Psychiatric Services 1992; doi:
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The authors thank Rachel Anderson for assistance in manuscript preparation and Bruce Spencer, Ph. D., for statistical consultation.

North-western University Medical School in Chicago; Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Institute of Psychiatry, 303 East Superior Street, Passavant 555, Chicago, Illinois 60611

North-western University Medical School in Chicago

National Institute of Mental Health in Rockvilie, Maryland

1992 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA-87) established criteria for Medicare-or Medicaid-certified nursing homes to use in admitting or retaining mentally ill patients. In effect, the law created five dispositional categories for residents or potential residents of nursing homes. Using data from the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, the authors estimate what proportion of nursing home residents would fall into each of the categories. They suggest that the initial impact of the law will be to shift costs from federal programs to the states. Nursing homes will be expected to provide more mental health services, in the absence of other services, the regulations have a high potent ial for creating homelessness and continuing a pattern of failure to adequately serve patients with serious mental illness.

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