Officials in 36 states responded to a survey of state policies, procedures, and regulations for the use of seclusion in the psychiatric treatment of children. Thirty-five of the states permit its use in emergencies, and 18 allow its use as part of a therapeutic treatment program. Only six states responding have regulations specifically addressing the use of seclusion with children. The authors summarize state regulations, including duration and frequency of seclusion episodes; orders required to implement seclusion and who may authorize it; rules about observation, documentation, and termination of episodes and breaks during episodes; design of seclusion rooms; and staff training. The authors present a model policy and procedure statement based on clinical and developmental considerations.