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Article   |    
Effects of Sheltered Care Environments and Resident Characteristics on the Development of Social Networks
Steven P. Segal; Jane Holschuh
Psychiatric Services 1991; doi:
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This study was supported in part by the National Institute of Mental Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The authors thank Carol Silverman and Diana Prufer for their helpful comments.

Mental Health and Social Welfare Research Group at the School of Social Welfare, University of California, 120 Haviland Hall, Berkeley, California 94720

National Institute of Mental Health Research

1991 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Two hundred and thirty-four members of a 1973 sample of shelterd care residents, three-fourths of whom had schizophrenic disorders, were followed up between 1983 and 1985 to examine the role of supportive and of transitional, high-expectation sheltered care environments in the development of residents' social networks. The influences of revolving-door treatment experiences, psychopathology, and institutionalization were taken into account. The results showed that supportive rather than transitional, high-expectation environments contributed to the development of emotionally and instrumentally supportive social networks. Higher levels of psychopathology and a history of institutionalization resulted in the absence of certain support relationships. Surprisingly, revolving-door treatment experiences were related to positive support and social network outcomes.

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