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Article   |    
Community Coping Skills Enhanced by an Adventure Camp for Adult Chronic Psychiatric Patients
William H. Banaka; Delton W. Young
Psychiatric Services 1985; doi:
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The authors appreciate the support of the Truman Collins Foundation of Portland, Oregon, toward the 1972 and 1982 adventure camps. They also thank the patients and staff at Oregon State Hospital in Salem and Dammasch State Hospital in Wilsonville who helped to organize, implement, and evaluate the wilderness camp program.

California State University, Chico, California 95929

The Psychology Department at McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, Massachusetts 02178

1985 American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

The effect of a two-week wilderness camp on ten skillareas related to community survival of the chronic mentally ill was assessed both by participants, who were adult chronic psychiatric patients from two Oregon state mental hospitals, and by camp and hospital staff. Compared with 30 controls, the 48 participants improved on seven of the ten areas by the end of camp and maintained their improvements in four of the seven areas for several weeks following their return to the hospital. Although discharge and recidivism rates for participants and controls did not differ at six-month follow-up, participants spent a greater proportion of time in the community than did controls. The authors discuss the specific skills improved by the program and those that contributed to duration of community survival, as well as the program's cost-effectiveness.

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