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Article   |    
Psychiatric Recidivism in a Psychosocial Rehabilitation Setting: A Survival Analysis
Paul J. Setze; Gary R. Bond
Psychiatric Services 1985; doi:
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The authors thank Jerry Dincin, Ph.D., and Thomas Witheridge for suggestions on earlier drafts of the manuscript.

The Computer Center of the University of Illinois at Chicago, P.O. Box 4348, Chicago, Illinois 60680

Purdue University in Indianapolis, Thresholds in Chicago

1985 American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Survival analysis, a methodology employed in studies of survival after diagnosis of a life-threatening physical illness, is used to examine psychiatric recidivism. The probability of survival in the community without rehospitalization was calculated for 400 consecutive admissions to Thresholds, a psychiatric rehabilitation center serving formerly hospitalized patients. It was found that the probability of a client's being rehospitalized at least once within 15 months of Thresholds intake was .55 and that the probability of rehospitalization varied with sex, race, age, and number of prior hospitalizations. The authors note that early intervention may be indicated for clients at higher risk of rehospitalization. They suggest that survival analysis be used in studies of psycbiatric recidivism because it permits direct statistical comparisons between studies.

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