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Article   |    
Characteristics of Staff Burnout in Mental Health Settings
Ayala Pines; Christina Maslach
Psychiatric Services 1978; doi:
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Department of psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720

Department of Psychology University of California at Berkeley

American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

To determine the characteristics of staff burnout and ways of coping with it, the authors gathered data on institution-related and personal variables for 76 staff members in various mental health facilities in the San Francisco area. A correlational analysis revealed a large number of statistically significant findings. For instance, the longer staff had worked in the mental health field, the less they liked working with patients, the less successful they felt with them, and the less humanistic were their attitudes toward mental illness. The authors present recommendations for reducing staff stress and subsequent burnout, including allowing more chances for temporary withdrawal from direct patient care and changing the function of staff meetings.

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