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Article   |    
Brief Hospital Treatment of Schizophrenia—Early Results of a Multiple - Hospital Study
Eugene M. Caffey, JR.; R. Douglas Jones; Leon S. Diamond; Eleanor Burton; William T. Bowen
Psychiatric Services 1968; doi:
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Veterans Administration Central Office Washington, D.C.

Central NP Research Laboratory VA Hospital Perry Point, Maryland

VA Hospital American Lake, Washington

VA Hospital, Jefferson Barracks St. Louis, Missouri

VA Hospital Topeka, Kansas

American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

IN SUMMARY, our early findings seem to justify the following tentative conclusions:• Intensive time-limited treatment is feasible. Compared with routine hospital treatment, it results in a modest reduction in florid symptoms in a larger number of patients.• Despite their shorter stay, patients in the brief-treatment group showed no greater rate of readmission, nor was their mean time outside significantly different from that of controls who had received normal hospital care.• Regardless of the actual number of days of hospitalization, an intensive aftercare program seems to play an important role in reducing or preventing readmissions.• In trying to determine just how brief a brief inpatient treatment program should be, we must consider a number of reality factors, such as individual differences between patients, patient-staff ratios, difficulties in establishing maximally effective drug dosages, and the availability of community aftercare facilities.

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