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Brief Reports   |    
High Users of Emergency Departments in Quebec Among Patients With Both Schizophrenia and a Substance Use Disorder
André Ngamini-Ngui, Ph.D.; Marie-Josée Fleury, Ph.D.; Jocelyne Moisan, Ph.D.; Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Ph.D.; Alain Lesage, M.D.; Alain Vanasse, M.D., Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300474
View Author and Article Information

Dr. Ngamini-Ngui and Dr. Fleury are with the Centre de Réadaptation en Dépendance de Montréal, Institut Universitaire, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (e-mail: ngaminingui@gmail.com). Dr. Ngamini-Ngui is also with the Centre de Recherche CSSS Champlain–Charles-Le Moyne, Longueuil, Quebec. Dr. Fleury is also with the Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal. Dr. Moisan and Dr. Grégoire are with the Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Laval, and with the Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec. Dr. Lesage is with the Centre de Recherche Fernand-Seguin, Hôpital Louis-H. Lafontaine, Montreal, Quebec. Dr. Vanasse is with the Department of Family Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec.

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association

Abstract

Objective  The study assessed factors associated over time with high use of emergency departments by patients in Quebec who had schizophrenia and a co-occurring substance use disorder.

Methods  The cohort study included 2,921 patients who received a diagnosis of schizophrenia in 2006 and had at least one emergency department visit during fiscal year 2006–2007. Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate predictors of high use of emergency departments over time.

Results  After adjustment for all covariates, predictors of high use over time were as follows: living in either a university medical region (OR=2.10) or a peripheral medical region (OR=2.10), frequent hospitalization (OR=1.16), and greater number of psychiatric (OR=1.64) or physical comorbidities (OR=1.23).

Conclusions  Because high use of emergency departments is a strong indicator of poor care continuity, identified associated factors could help develop and offer new programs to be deployed in the community to better support these patients with greater needs.

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Table 1Analysis of predictors of high emergency department use among 2,921 patients with schizophrenia and a substance use disordera
Table Footer Note

a Emergency department use was measured during the five years preceding the initial diagnosis of schizophrenia in 2006.

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