0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Columns   |    
Law & Psychiatry: Assisting People in Recovery Who Have Criminal Records to Reach Their Employment Goals
Stephan Haimowitz, J.D.; John Rio, M.A., C.R.C.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201400030
View Author and Article Information

Mr. Haimowitz is a trainer and consultant to consumer and provider organizations (e-mail: shaimowitz@outlook.com). Mr. Rio is with Advocates for Human Potential Inc., Sudbury, Massachusetts. Paul S. Appelbaum, M.D., is editor of this column.

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association

Abstract

Working, a goal of most people in recovery from mental disorders, can be impeded by legal exclusions and by employers’ rejections based on an applicant’s criminal record. This column describes established tools that can partially lower these barriers and recent legal developments that provide additional strategies, in particular the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s Enforcement Guidance. These developments address the permissible use of arrest and conviction information in employment contexts, focusing on individualized consideration of specific factors, including rehabilitation. The authors also suggest strategies for job interview preparation that, when combined with job retention planning, can improve clients’ prospects of achieving their employment goals.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

Brame  R;  Turner  MG;  Paternoster  R  et al:  Cumulative prevalence of arrest from ages 8 to 23 in a national sample.  Pediatrics 129:21–27, 2012
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Fields G, Phillips EE: The new asylums: jails swell with mentally ill. Wall Street Journal, Sept 25, 2013
 
Bond  GR;  Drake  RE:  Making the case for IPS supported employment.  Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 41:69–73, 2014
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Whitley  R;  Kostick  KM;  Bush  PW:  Supported employment specialist strategies to assist clients with severe mental illness and criminal justice issues.  Psychiatric Services 60:1637–1641, 2009
[PubMed]
 
Frounfelker  RL;  Glover  CM;  Teachout  A  et al:  Access to supported employment for consumers with criminal justice involvement.  Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal 34:49–56, 2010
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
 
Rodriguez  MN;  Emsellem  M:  Sixty-Five Million Need Not Apply: The Case for Reforming Criminal Background Checks for Employment .  New York,  National Employment Law Project, 2011. Available at www.nelp.org/page/-/65_Million_Need_Not_Apply.pdf?nocdn=1
 
Brown B: Hard time for ex-cons searching for work. San Antonio Express-News, June 24, 2012
 
 Background Checking—The Use of Credit Background Checks in Hiring Decisions . Alexandria, Va,  Society for Human Resource Management, 2012. Available at www.shrm.org/Research/SurveyFindings/Articles/Pages/CreditBackgroundChecks.aspx2012
 
Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 USC § 1681 et seq
 
Segal D: Mugged by a mug shot online. New York Times, Oct 6, 2013
 
Pager  D:  The mark of a criminal record.  American Journal of Sociology 108:957–960, 2003
[CrossRef]
 
 Love MC: Restoration of Rights Project .  Washington, DC,  National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, 2013. Available at www.nacdl.org/rightsrestoration/
 
 The Federal Bonding Program .  Washington, DC,  US Department of Labor. Available at bonds4jobs.com
 
 Work Opportunity Tax Credit .  Washington, DC,  US Department of Labor, 2014. Available at www.doleta.gov/business/incentives/opptax
 
 National Employments Law Project: Criminal Records and Employment .  New York,  National Employment Law Project, 2013. Available at www.nelp.org/index.php/content/content_issues/category/criminal_records_and_employment
 
Moore J: Target to ban criminal history box on job applications. Minneapolis Star Tribune, Oct 26, 2013
 
 EEOC Enforcement Guidance, Number 915.002 .  Washington, DC,  US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2012. Available at www.eeoc.gov/laws/guidance/arrest_conviction.cfm
 
Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 USC § 2000e et seq
 
Blumstein  A;  Nakamura  K:  ‘Redemption’ in an era of widespread criminal background checks.  National Institute of Justice Journal 263:10–17, 2009
 
Solomon  A:  In search of a job: criminal records as barriers to employment.  National Institute of Justice Journal 270:42–51, 2012
 
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Pub L 111-148, 124 Stat 119, 2010, Subtitle C
 
Johnson v Allegheny Intermediate Unit, 59 A 3d 10 (Pa Commonwealth Court, 2012)
 
 Half of employers have hired someone with a criminal record, CareerBuilder study finds .  Chicago,  CareerBuilder, Sept 27, 2012. Available at www.careerbuilder.com/share/aboutus/pressreleasesdetail.aspx?sd=9%2f27%2f2012&id=pr717&ed=9%2f27%2f2099
 
 Employment Screening Practices and Trends: The Era of Heightened Care and Diligence, 2013. Available at www.employeescreen.com
 
Manthey  T;  Casey  J;  Evans-Brown  P:  Motivational interviewing and vocational rehabilitation: a review.  Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling 42:3–14, 2011
 
 EITC Home Page—It’s easier than ever to find out if you qualify for EITC .  Washington, DC,  Internal Revenue Service, 2014. Available at www.irs.gov/Individuals/EITC-Home-Page--It%E2%80%99s-easier-than-ever-to-find-out-if-you-qualify-for-EITC
 
 Individual Development Accounts .  Washington, DC,  Corporation for Enterprise Development, 2013. Available at cfed.org/programs/idas
 
References Container
+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 49.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 3.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 22.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 58.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 58.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles