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Brief Reports   |    
Use of Mental Health Services by Children and Adolescents Six Months After the World Trade Center Attack
Ana Soledade Graeff-Martins, M.D.; Christina W. Hoven, Dr.P.H.; Ping Wu, Ph.D.; Fan Bin, M.D.; Cristiane S. Duarte, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201200586
View Author and Article Information

Dr. Graeff-Martins is with the Department of Psychiatry, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil (e-mail: anasoledade10@terra.com.br). Dr. Hoven, Dr. Bin, and Dr. Duarte are with the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York City. Dr. Wu is with the Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association

Abstract

Objective  The authors describe use of mental health services among children and adolescents after the September 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center.

Methods  Six months after the attack, sixth- through 12th-graders (N=6,986) who were representative of the student population were asked about their use of mental health services to talk about the attack as well as their exposure to the attack, symptoms of posttraumatic stress and major depressive disorders, and any conversations about the attack with a parent, teacher, or religious leader.

Results  Eighteen percent had used mental health services. Using in-school services was associated with conversation with a teacher about the attack. Using services outside school was associated with direct exposure to the attack, previous trauma exposure, probable psychiatric diagnosis, and conversation with a teacher or religious leader about the attack.

Conclusions  Teachers and religious leaders can function as gatekeepers to identify children in need following a disaster.

Abstract Teaser
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Anchor for Jump
Table 1Factors associated with use of mental health services by children and adolescents after the World Trade Center attack, by location of servicesa
Table Footer Note

a No use of services is the reference group. Models were adjusted by sociodemographic characteristics.

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