A second misguided assumption is that veterans living with PTSD may require either treatment or a pension, but not both. Frueh noted that about 45% of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans have applied for VA disability benefits, compared with 11% and 16%, respectively, of World War II and Vietnam veterans. But the 45% rate represents pensions for all disabilities, not just PTSD, and the comparison is misleading. More importantly, a pension may not obviate the need for treatment. A literature review showed no empirical support for the assertion that seeking compensation makes military veterans or motor vehicle accident victims less likely to respond to PTSD treatment (4). Studies of supported housing programs suggest that there may be advantages to integrating treatment and economic aid rather than keeping them separate processes. More innovative service models that combine economic assistance, evidence-based PTSD treatment, and vocational support might help more veterans with PTSD return to higher functioning and greater independence.