A major dilemma in psychotherapy outcome research: disentangling therapists from therapies. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 6:10–32, 1999
EK: Race, Gender, and Class: Guidelines for Practice with Individuals, Families, and Groups .
Englewood Cliffs, NJ,
Prentice Hall, 1989
Hispanic patient-case manager matching: differences in outcomes and service use in a program for homeless persons with severe mental illness. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 190:315–325, 2002
CR: Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy: A Practitioner's Guide to Intentional Intervention .
Thousand Oaks, Calif,
Bias in mental health assessment and intervention: theory and evidence. American Journal of Public Health 93:239–243, 2003
Mental Health: Culture, Race and Ethnicity: A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General .
US Department of Health and Human Services, US Public Health Service, 2001
JA: Effects of rural urban county type on the availability of health and mental health care providers; in Mental Health, United States . Edited by Manderscheid
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, 1998
Measurement Feedback System (MFS) is necessary to improve mental health outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 47:1114–1119, 2008
Institute of Medicine: Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions .
National Academies Press, 2005
Cultural competence: a literature review and conceptual model for mental health services. Psychiatric Services 60:1046–1050, 2009
Multicultural counseling competencies research: a 20-year content analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology 54:351–361, 2007
Multicultural counseling: a 10-year content analysis of the Journal of Counseling and Development. Journal of Counseling and Development 83:155–161, 2005
A meta-analytic review of racial-ethnic matching for black and Caucasian American patients and clinicians. Journal of Counseling Psychology 52:45–56, 2005
Elements of satisfying organizational climates in child welfare agencies. Families in Society 84:7–12, 2003
Organization, management, and client effects on staff burnout. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 36:333–345, 1995
Assessing the Organizational Social Context (OSC) of mental health services: implications for research and practice. Journal of Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 35:98–113, 2008
Organizational climate and treatment outcomes for African American clients receiving services at community mental health agencies. Administration in Social Work 32:111–138, 2008
Four decades of community mental health: a symphony in four movements. Community Mental Health Journal 39:381–398, 2000
Rural health: new help for rural mental health needs. Successful Farming 101:54–, 2003
EF: Surviving Schizophrenia: A Manual for Families, Patients, and Providers , 5th ed.
Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General .
US Department of Health and Human Services, US Public Health Service, 1999
Percent of Persons Who Are Black or African American Alone: 2000 .
US Census Bureau, 2000
Office of Management and Budget:
Standards for defining metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas: notice. Federal Register 65:82228–82238, 2000
Toward a theory and measure of the nature of nonprejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73:420–434, 1997
Development of the Multicultural Counseling Inventory: a self-report measure of multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology 41:137–148, 1994
FTL: Appendix C: Definitions and measurement of cross-cultural counseling competencies; in Community Support: Notes From a Roundtable on Conceptualizing and Measuring Cultural Competence .
National Mental Health Information Center, 1998
MP: Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual , 3rd ed.
Palo Alto, Calif,
Consulting Psychologists Press, 1996
Reliability and validity of a brief patient report instrument for psychiatric outcome evaluation. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 45:242–247, 1994
Reliability and validity of the BASIS-24 Mental Health Survey for whites, African-Americans, and Latinos. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research 33:304–323, 2006
The revised Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale (BASIS-24): reliability and validity. Medical Care 42:1230–1241, 2004
Clinician effects in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Psychotherapy Research 16:144–160, 2006
Clinician effects in psychotherapy: a random-effects modeling of the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program data. Psychotherapy Research 16:161–172, 2006
Clinician effects in outpatient psychotherapy: a three-level growth curve approach. Journal of Counseling Psychology 54:32–39, 2007
Randomization in the NIMH Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. New Directions for Program Evaluation 28:27–37, 1985
Implications of clinician effects for the design and analysis of comparative studies of psychotherapies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 59:20–26, 1991
Clinician effects in the TDCRP and other psychotherapy studies. Psychotherapy Research 16:178–181, 2006
HLM 6.06 .
Scientific Software International, 2004
JB: Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence .
Oxford University Press, 2003
SW: Hierarchical Linear Models: Applications and Data Analysis Methods .
Newbury Park, NJ,
A brief conceptual tutorial of multilevel analysis in social epidemiology: linking the statistical concept of clustering to the idea of contextual phenomenon. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 59:443–449, 2005
Modeling the dropout mechanism in repeated-measures studies. Journal of the American Statistical Association 90:1112–1121, 1995
The long-term impact of employment on mental health service use and cost for persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services 60:1024–1031, 2009
Implicit social cognition: attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological Review 102:4–27, 1995
The antecedents and implications of interracial anxiety. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 29:790–801, 2003
How the new NIH guidelines on inclusion of women and minorities apply: efficacy trials, effectiveness trials, and validity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64:851–855, 1996