This book grew out of a 2008 conference of leading researchers, with backgrounds ranging from psychiatry to economics and policy. The participants were asked to consider how housing policies influence homelessness. The book presents two prevailing viewpoints. One view holds that people are homeless because of personal problems, such as mental illness or addictions. Those with this point of view stress the need to address these problems with programs such as case management, supported housing, payeeship, behavioral money management, and supported employment. An excellent chapter by Sam Tsemberis describes the evidence-based housing-first program, which provides housing and support services but does not require psychiatric treatment or sobriety as a condition for obtaining housing. Participants have to accept only a weekly staff visit to their apartment as well as the terms and conditions of a standard lease with full tenant rights and payment of 30% of their income toward the rent.