Kaiser snapshot of CHIP enrollment: For the first time in the history of the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) enrollment has exceeded five million. The latest data snapshot from the Kaiser Commission provides the most recent CHIP data—through December 2009—on enrollment and policy trends nationally and at the state level. In the month of December 2009, a total of 5,085,107 children were enrolled in CHIP, a 4.5% increase in enrollment from a year earlier. This significant increase continued a growth trend observed over the previous three years. At the time of this enrollment snapshot, states had more certainty about federal CHIP financing because of the enactment of the Children's Health Insurance Reauthorization Act in March 2009. The legislation also included incentives for states to find and enroll eligible children in Medicaid and CHIP and to simplify and streamline the enrollment processes for these programs. However, states also were facing fiscal challenges as a result of the recession that started in December 2007. The enactment of national health reform legislation that extended CHIP funding through 2015 and continues the program through 2019 did not come until March 2010, after the period for this data snapshot. The eight-page Kaiser report, which is based on survey responses and data provided by CHIP directors in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, is available at www.kff.org/medicaid/7642.cfm.