Medicaid and CHIP are important sources of coverage for children from all racial and ethnic groups. However, the programs play an especially critical role for African-American and Hispanic children, who are more likely than white children to be from low-income families. Children from minority groups experience well-documented disparities in access to health care, and a recent data analysis conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation examined whether Medicaid is helping to reduce them. Disparities were no more likely among children enrolled in Medicaid than among privately insured children on the four indicators examined: has a usual source of care, made at least one past-year ambulatory medical visit, experienced a problem getting needed care, and had a problem seeing a specialist. Insurance coverage—both private and public—improved access for African-American and Hispanic children but generally did not significantly narrow disparities in access. The 14-page Kaiser report, Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Access to Care Among Children: How Does Medicaid Do in Closing the Gaps?, examines data for more than 15,000 children from the 2003 and 2004 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. It is available at www.kff.org/minorityhealth/upload/8031.pdf.