Spending on child mental health care: In 2006 a total of $98.8 billion was spent for direct medical care and treatment of children. The five most costly conditions, ranked by cost, were mental disorders, asthma, trauma-related disorders, acute bronchitis, and infectious diseases. Total expenditures to treat mental disorders were $8.9 billion, $8.0 billion for asthma, $6.1 billion for trauma-related disorders, $3.1 billion for acute bronchitis, and $2.9 billion for infectious diseases. In terms of number of children treated for the five conditions, asthma was highest. Almost 13 million children were treated for asthma in 2006, followed by 12.8 million children for acute bronchitis, nearly seven million for trauma-related disorders, 4.6 million for mental disorders, and 4.5 million for infectious diseases. Mean expenditures per child for those with expenses were highest for mental disorders at $1,931. Trauma-related disorders averaged $910 per child, followed by $658 for infectious diseases, $621 for asthma, and $242 for acute bronchitis. These figures are from an analysis of the most recent data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, which is summarized in a statistical brief available on the www.meps.ahrq.gov.