These are the primary issues that Helen Keane, Ph.D., takes on in her book What's Wrong With Addiction. The book is an extended analysis of the ambiguities of addiction. Keane is a research fellow at the National Centre in HIV Social Research at the University of New South Wales in Australia. Her principal theme is that discourse on addiction can have a powerful impact on society by influencing those who are involved in the decision-making process. Popular culture, politics, and the medical fields have portrayed addiction as a disease. As a result, addicts are considered to be without free will, "compelled" to stay with the addiction. As a result, freedom is lost, resulting in further stigmatization.