The Mental Health of Refugees discusses an ecological, or community-based, approach to treating refugees and their communities. With a mix of theoretical discussion and examples of work with refugee communities, the authors challenge the commonly used clinic-based approach to working with refugees. They cite several arguments to advocate a community-based approach: the relative scarcity of clinical resources, particularly in non-Western and nonurban areas, makes it unlikely that most refugees will have access to care; the multiple needs of refugees will not be addressed in clinic-based treatment; and the psychological and disease-based approaches that are common in Western mental health treatment are likely culturally foreign to most refugees. Instead, the authors build on principles of community psychology and propose that services enhance refugees' capacity to adapt to the existing communities in which they live. Interventions should reflect the priorities of the community, emphasize preventive care, target individual treatment, develop culturally appropriate services, and be integrated into community settings.