Julia Yun Soo Kim, Ph.D., and Michael Fendrich, Ph.D., examined data from interviews with more than 4,600 juvenile arrestees nationwide to determine whether girls and boys differed in their drug use, self-reported dependence, and perceived need for treatment. They found that the girls in the sample were significantly more likely than the boys to report severe or chronic drug use, polydrug use, and dependence on drugs. Boys were more likely to report current frequent use. Overall, girls were no more likely to report a need for treatment. However, among those with severe drug problems, girls acknowledged more readily that they needed help. The authors emphasize the importance of considering gender differences in designing juvenile justice treatment programs and in engaging juvenile arrestees in treatment (see page 70).