In 1992 Congress mandated the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide treatment to veterans traumatized by sexual assault experienced during active military duty. A 1995 survey of how VA medical centers had responded to this mandate indicated that 51 percent of 136 centers had established a sexual trauma treatment team. Teams treated a mean±SD of 5.5±10 patients a week, and newly referred veterans waited a mean of 3.3±4 days for evaluation. Teams varied in the discipline mix of providers, training, organizational structure, services offered, and caseload. Medical centers without dedicated treatment teams offered nonspecialized services to sexually traumatized veterans or offered community referrals for sexual trauma treatment services.