Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
Diagnosis, Health Beliefs, and Risk of HIV Infection in Psychiatric Patients
Barbara E. McDermott; Frederic J. Sautter, Jr.; Daniel K. Winstead; Thomas Quirk
Psychiatric Services 1994; doi:
View Author and Article Information

department of psychiatry and neurology at Tulane University School of Medicine, 1415 Tulane Avenue. New Orleans, Louisiana 70112

1994 by the American Psychiatric Association

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.

Objective: The study examined behavioral and cognitive factors that may place mentally ill persons at increased risk of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Methods: Sixty-one patients consecutively admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit of a public general hospital completed questionnaires focused on their knowledge about AIDS and their sexual practices. They also participated in a structured interview to assess how their beliefs about health related to changes in health behaviors. Responses of the psychiatric patients, of whom 54.5 percent were men and 61.5 percent were black, were categorized by diagnosis (schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, and depression) and were compared with responses of a control group of 32 patients with no identified psychiatric disorder who had been treated in the hospital's medical emergency room. Results: Trends in the data suggested that the psychiatric patients were more likely than the control subjects to engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. Psychiatric patients with different diagnoses appeared to engage in different kinds of high-risk behaviors. Whereas control subjects seemed inclined to change their behaviors as their knowledge about HIV increased, schizophrenic patients appeared willing to change their behavior only if they believed their behavior could really make a difference in whether they would become infected. Conclusions: The relationship between specific psychiatric symptoms, knowledge about HIV, and factors influencing behavior need to be more thoroughly examined so that clinicians can develop interventions to reduce the risk of HIV infection in mentally ill persons.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article


hiv infection
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).




CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe

Related Content
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 32.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 32.  >
APA Practice Guidelines > Chapter 0.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles