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A Randomized Trial of Psychiatric Day Treatment for Patients With Affective and Personality Disorders
William E. Piper; John S. Rosie; Hassan F. A. Azim; Anthony S. Joyce
Psychiatric Services 1993; doi:
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This research was supported by grant 6609-147646 from the national health research and development program of Health and Welfare Canada and grant 55-35143 from the Alberta Mental Health Research Fund. The authors thank independent assessors Mary McCallum and Scott C. Duncan; program therapists Kathy Bragg, James D. Chalmers, Satwant K. Duggal, Andrea Glassman, Wendy Heffern, Dieter Kammerer, Andrea D. Rees, Anne M. Shand, and Nicole M. Van Kuppeveld; research coordinators Bonnie Stephanson, Suzanne B. Korpela, and Colleen S. Poon; and statistical consultant Daniel S. K. Szeto.

Psychotherapy Research Centre; University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

1993 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Objective: The outcome of a day treatment program for psychiatric outpatients with affective and pesonality disorders was evaluated. The program was dynamically oriented, intensive, group focused, and time limited (18 weeks). Methods: The prospective trial used a randomized treatment-versus-control (delayed-treatment) design to examine 1 7 outcome variables covering five areas: interpersonal functioning, symptomatology, selfesteem, life satisfaction, and defensive functioning. Those variables, plus individualized treatment objectives, were monitored before and after the treatment and control periods and at follow-up an average of eight months later. Results: Treated patients showed significantly better outcome than control patients for seven of the 1 7 outcome variables: social dysfunction, family dysfunction, interpersonal behavior, mood level, life satisfaction, self-esteem, and severity of disturbance associated with individual goals of treatment as rated by an independent assessor. The findings could not be accounted for by diagnosis or use of medication. Benefits were maintained over the followup period. The average treatment-versus-control effect size for all 17 variables was .71. Conclusions: The study supports the efficacy of an intensive day treatment program for patients who manifest significant difficulties associated with affective and personality disorders.

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