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Article   |    
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Homeless Men and Women
Carol S. North; Elizabeth M. Smith
Psychiatric Services 1992; doi:
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This research was supported by grant AAx07549 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The authors thank Susan Bradford for assistance in data management and Shirley Mazenko for help in preparing the manuscript.

Washington University School of Medicine, 4940 Children's Place, St. Louis, Missouri 63110

1992 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Six bundred homeless men and 300 homeless women in St. Louis were systematically interviewed using the revised Diagnostic Interview Schedule that includes a module for assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Most subjects with PTSD had an additional life time psychiatric diagnosis. No consistent pattern of association was apparent, however, between individual diagnoses and either traumatic events or PTSD. In almost three-fourths of both men and women, the onset of PTSD had peeceded the onset of homelessness. Childhood histories of abuse and family fighting were predictive of both traumatic events and PTSD. The results suggest that factors leading to PTSD in the study sample began long before the onset of homelessness and may overlap with factors operative in the genesis of homelessness.

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