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A Single-Case-Study Method for Treating Resistiveness in patients with Alzheimer's Disease
Lawrence R. Herz; Ladislav Volicer; Virginia Ross; Yvette Rheaume
Psychiatric Services 1992; doi:
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This study was supported by a grant from the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Boston University School of Medicine; Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center At the Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital; VA Hospital, 200 Springs Road, Bedford, Massachusetts 01730

Boston University School of Medicine; Geriatric Research, Education, Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital

Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center at the Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital

1992 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

A single-case-study approach was used to identify the best medication for treating resistiveness to care in patients with moderately advanced dementia. The double-blind research design incorporated three medications, placebo washout periods, multiple baselines, frequent ratings by nurses of patients' resistiveness, and visual and statistical analysis of results to find the optimal drug, one that provided a stable response at a low dose. Six patients completed the trials. Thiothixene was more effective than oxazepam and diphenhydramine. Important features of the design were its avoidance of polypharmacy and high doses and its use of frequent ratings (each nursing shift) of patients' resistiveness. Although the single-case-study method is labor intensive, it can be beneficial when adapted for clinical use.

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