In 1985 Connecticut established an administrative psychiatric security review board to monitor the postverdict disposition of defendants found not guilty by reason of mental disease or defect. The five-member board may confine an insanity acquittee in a mental hospital, grant temporary leave, order conditional release, and terminate confinement or conditional release. Judicial review is required before a patient is discharged from the board's custody. Between 1985 and 1989, a total of 173 insanity acquittees were under the board's jurisdiction; most were hospitalized in state psychiatric facilities. The authors discuss issues that must be addressed in creating a psychiatric security review board, including the conflict between protecting the public and treating insanity acquittees, clinicians' resistance to treating these patients, and problems posed by patients who do not appear to be mentally ill or who are well known to the public.