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Article   |    
Electroconvulsive Therapy: An Update
C. Edward Coffey; Richard D. Weiner
Psychiatric Services 1990; doi:
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The authors' research was supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health (MH-41803, MH-30723, and MH-40159) and the North The New York State Office of Mental Health Carolina United Way.

Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina

Department of Psychiatry at Duke University Medical Center, The Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Durham

1990 by the American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a safe, rapidly acting, and very effective form of treatment for severe affective illness. In recent years the limitations of available psychopharmacotherapies and the pressures of cost containment appear to be encouraging the increasing use of ECT. The authors provide an overview of electroconvulsive therapy as a treatment modality, focusing on indications, contraindications, adverse effects, and contemporary ECT technique, including recent modifications in electrode placement, stimulus wave form, and dosage intensity. They urge that adequate training be provided for medical and nursing personnel who administer ECT and that facilities monitor practitioners' competence by specific privileging.

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