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Training Chronic Mental Patients to Independently Practice Personal Grooming Skills
Stephen E. Wong; Stephen G. Flanagan; Timothy G. Kuehnel; Robert P. Liberinan; Ron Hunnicutt; Jean Adams-Badgert
Psychiatric Services 1988; doi:
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The authors wish to acknowledge the cooperation and support of staff and management at Camarillo State Hospital, particularly Clint Rust and Frank Tunley, Ph.D., former and current executive directors, and trainers Julie Kuehnel, Ph.D., Peter Alevizos, Ph.D., Larry Hughes, M.A., Lilly Horton, R.N., Doris Dangerfield, R.N., and Sandra Howard.

Northeast Florida State Hospital in Macclenny

John Umstead Hospital in Butner, North Carolina, Department of psychology at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill

Camarillo (Calif.) State Hospital

American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Schizophrenic patients typically have poor grooming and self-care skills, which hinder their social relationships and their chances of successful adaptation in the community. A practical and inexpensive program for teaching grooming skills to hospitalized chronic mental patients has been developed in a California state hospital. Patients are also taught to evaluate their grooming behavior and to carry out grooming activities independently. Grooming deficits and improvements are rated on an 11-category performance checklist. Two small-scale pilot studies showed that the program is efficacious and that nursing staff can effectively apply the procedures; in another study, the program was implemented on a large psychiatric unit with minimal staffing and resources.

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